Elsevier’s comprehensive report on research performance through a gender lens spans 20 years, 12 geographies (including the EU and Japan), and 27 disciplines.
This global study draws upon data and analytics, a unique gender disambiguation methodology, and involvement of global experts. Some of its key findings are:
- The proportion of women among researchers and inventors is increasing in all twelve comparator countries and regions over time (Japan yet scoring very low at 15%).
- Women are less likely than men to collaborate internationally on research papers.
- Among researchers, women are generally less internationally mobile than men.
- Men publish more papers on average than women in all countries surveyed, except Japan where women publish approximately 40% more. In general, women’s scholarly output includes a slightly larger proportion of highly interdisciplinary research than men’s.
- Gender research is growing in terms of size and complexity, with new topics emerging over time. The former dominance of the United States in gender research has declined as research activity in the European Union has risen.
In an interview featured in the report, Miyoko Watanabe, deputy executive director of the Office for Diversity and Inclusion at JST, Japan, said:
"I expect to see more women leaving Japan to work abroad, as the Japanese workplace is not as welcoming to women. [..] It’s actually quite difficult for women to get a good job in Japan, so female researchers tend to leave to work in other countries. It is very difficult for women to get a similar position in research in Japan as they would overseas, and this is a serious problem in Japan. We have to more actively involve women in research in Japan—we have not succeeded in keeping talented female researchers in Japan."
Also read our short analysis paper: