Every human shares common knowledge with other humans, for instance, about how the world works, and about basic needs and typical activities of humans. This is also known as “common ground”. Humans have the ability to take on another person‘s perspective and to see other humans as intentional agents – a phenomenon also known as Theory of Mind.
Hence, we have knowledge and mechanisms that enable us to interpret and predict the behavior of others. Only when robots are equipped with the same abilities and are able to “read” the needs, wishes and behavioral intentions of humans, will they successfully provide useful services to humans in social interactions.
In this talk, some concepts from social psychology will also be discussed, with regard to their applicability to artificial companions, on the basis of two companion examples from Science Fiction. In a summary, Prof Rosenthal von der Pütten outlines why and which processes of human social perception (e.g., the visual assessment of social situations) have to be investigated to help develop social robots.
Professor Astrid Rosenthal-von der Pütten, Chair, Individual and Technology, Human Technology Centre, RWTH Aachen University
Rosenthal-von der Pütten is a Full Professor and director of the group Individual and Technology at the Department of Society, Technology, and Human Factors at RWTH Aachen University. She is affiliated with the Human Technology Center at RWTH Aachen University. Her research interests include social effects of artificial entities, human-robot interaction, linguistic alignment with robots and virtual agents, presence, and communication in social media.
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ADDRESSEmbassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, New Delhi