Spain is a Member State of the European Union since 1986 and it has a population of 46.455.123 people. It´s Gross Domestic Product was 1.041.160 million € in 2014. Life expectancy in Spain keeps growing every year, reaching 82,8 years in 2014. Spain welcomes every year a huge number of tourists, reaching 64.938.945 visits in 2014.
The Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation embeds internationally recognized institutions where scientists and entrepreneurs are able to enjoy a variety of funding opportunities. The “Spanish strategy on science, technology and innovation (2013-2020)” promotes the capacities of the system and enables collaboration between all the stakeholders of the system while increasing the social and economic returns from investment in R&D&I.
In 2014, the Spanish institutions published 77.013 documents (including articles, conference proceedings and reviews), ranking 10thcountry in the world, which means 3,19% of the total world production. In terms of excellence (share of highly cited publications (top 10%)), energy and veterinary were the top research areas in Spain. Also, the international collaboration of Spanish institutions keeps growing every year: up to 44,69 % of the Spanish documents in 2014 were co-authored with a foreign institution. Finally, the total number of European patents with a Spanish origin in 2014 was 467.
Spain is a very active participant in European research projects. At the moment, around 9% of the H2020 funding is allocated to Spanish institutions. Some of the areas that can be highlighted as especially important for Spanish participation are: Energy, NMBP (Nanotechnologies, Advanced Materials, Biotechnology and Advanced Manufacturing and Processing) and the SME (small and medium-sized enterprises) instrument.
Find out more about the Spanish R&D system and Spanish research and innovation institution in our article in the 1stissue of EURAXESS China Newsletter 2016.
Sino-Spanish Bilateral Agreement on ST&I Cooperation中西双边科研合作协议
Memorandum of Understanding on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Ministry of Science and Innovation of the Kingdom of Spain and the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China signed in Madrid on March 24th, 2011.
Main Sino-Spanish Initiatives and Programmes中西主要科研合作倡议和项目
- Innovation program – CHINEKA – between CDTI (Centre for the Development of industrial Technology) and TORCH (Chinese institute for High Industrial Technology)
- Cooperation agreements for joint research & expert’s mobility between the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) and the Chinese CAS and NSFC.
- A MoU was signed in 2011 between the Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, the Beijing International Center of Mathematical Research, the Chern Institute of Mathematics and the Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas (ICMAT-CSIC) for cooperation in the field of Mathematics and its Applications.
- Under an agreement signed by the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism (MINETUR), the IDAE (Institute for the Diversification and Energy Saving, depending on MINETUR) has signed the Sino-Spanish Cooperation Working Plan on Renewable Energies with the Energy Research Institute of China (ERI), involving the IDAE, the CENER (linked to the MINECO through CIEMAT) and the Spanish Electric Network.
- In 2011 two Forums were celebrated in Beijing: the Sino-Spanish Forum on Renewable Energy, as a joint activity of CIEMAT and the MOST, and the Forum on Technological Cooperation, under the agreement TORCH-CDTI, on biotechnology, food, and tool-machinery.
- Important agreements have been signed to mutually recognize the academic degrees and diplomas issued by the Education ministries of both countries, this measure can help in fostering expert mobility and educational exchanges between research institutions, universities and enterprises.
Priority Fields of Sino-Spanish Cooperation中西科研合作的重点领域
1. Environment (including water-related issues)
5. Information and Communication Technologies as a cross-cutting issue across the aforementioned subjects.
Joint Sino-Spanish Institutes or Laboratories中西联合研究所或实验室
- More than forty Spanish universities have developed bilateral relations with key Chinese universities and organizations, among the most active ones in S&T cooperation we could mention: Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña.
- CIEMAT has signed several agreements with different Chinese institutions such as the Institute for Electrical Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to cooperate in solar energy facilities in Dahan or agreements with companies and institutions to enable the Chinese parties to use applications developed by CIEMAT.
- The Sino-Spanish Centre for the Promotion of Renewable Energies created with the participation of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society (CRES) and the Association for Sino-Spanish cooperation in Technology and Innovation (CSETI) received the support of MINECO in 2011.
- Related to the Mathematics field, the International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE, based in Barcelona, Spain) has created an extension office in Beijing, with the support of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
- Spain also has active collaboration in the field of veterinary research, animal health and epidemiology.
H2020, IAEA programmes
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