Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

MSCA-IF - Postdoc Position: Economic and Political Migration in Latin America

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    25/07/2019 18:30 - Europe/Athens
    H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
    Spain, Madrid
    CEU San Pablo University
    School of Business & Economics

USP-CEU welcomes postdoctoral researchers with an excellent track record to apply jointly with a research supervisor from USP-CEU to the European Commission Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship Scheme (MSCA-IF). Selected candidates will be provided with devoted training and special assistance for proposal development.

The research project would like to address the Economic and Political Migration in Latin America.

The Supervisors will be Prof. Blanca Sánchez-Alonso (USP-CEU, Researcher ID N-6581-2013) and Dr. Carlos Santiago Caballero (UC3M, Researcher ID B-8204-2011).

Blanca Sánchez-Alonso, (Ph D European University Institute) has participated in the research teams of several competitive projects within the area of economic history and sociology of migrations. Her specialty is the analysis of the determinants of Spanish emigration, International labour market, effects of immigration and convergence and integration of labour markets in Spain in a long-term perspective. Her publications include several books, articles and chapters of books, both national and international. She has published in the most important international journals in the field of economic history: Journal of Economic History, Economic History Review and Explorations in Economic History. Her latest publication is “The age of mass migration in Latin America”, Economic History Review, 2019, 72,1. She has been visiting scholar at the University of Georgetown (USA), University of Oxford and London School of Economics (UK). Since 2013 Prof. Sánchez-Alonso is the editor of Revista de Historia Económica/Journal of Iberian and Latin American economic history.

Carlos Santiago-Caballero (Ph D London School of Economics) has participated in several research projects, including four European Grants, being two of them ERC grants. He also directed a national project financed by the Ramón Areces Foundation.

His main research interests have been the agrarian economy, economic inequality and related areas such as social mobility, migrations and social capital formation in the long run. Carlos Santiago-Caballero has published several articles in the leading journals in economic history such as the European review of Economic History and Explorations in Economic History.

Research Project Description:

The recent migratory crises have revealed the importance of understanding the functioning and effects of massive migratory movements at international level. Traditional economic migrations have been complemented in the last years with the arrival of a different profile of forced emigrants, pushed by factors with a clear political nature. This is not a new situation, as there are many historical experiences of both economic migrations and exiles and forced migrations.

Economic history provides a wide range of potential case studies that can be used as laboratories to reach conclusions relevant for the current migratory crises. The current project is focused on two case studies of transatlantic Spanish migrations; the massive migrations to Argentina that preceded the Great Depression and those to Mexico since the late 19th century. In the first case migrations had an economic nature, while in the second one both, economic and forced migrations with a political profile like the republican Spanish exile, coexisted. The main contribution of this project is understanding the way in which the different mechanisms that explain both kind of migrations worked and the determinants and effects that both models had. It is therefore a historical research with a strong quantitative approach in comparative perspective.  We are open to include different migratory experiences with a comparative approach.

The project establishes several initial hypotheses focused on migratory selection, human capital and the impact of migrations in both sending and host societies. In order to test the main hypotheses, we will use two databases exceptional for their richness and the opportunities that they provide for quantitative research: The National Registry of Foreigners established by the Mexican government in 1926 that contains information for emigrants since the late 19th century, and the samples of census individual records in Argentina from 1895. These primary sources will also be complemented with a variety of secondary sources.  Both sources can be used for immigrants from different national origins.

Our research will also allow us to analyse the differences between men and women in different indicators, as well as their changes in the long run. The lack of information for women in economic history implies that the results obtained in this project will be a relevant contribution to scientific knowledge, particularly given the scarcity of quantitative studies in this regard. The diffusion plan of the results will be mainly focused on the publication of articles in highly ranked scientific journals.


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