ORGANISATION NAMECardiff University
ORGANISATION COUNTRYUnited Kingdom
RESEARCH FIELDFormal sciencesProfessions and applied sciences
CAREER STAGEFirst Stage Researcher (R1) (Up to the point of PhD)
Three-dimensional lithography upon the 100nm-scale is now having a pronounced impact across a range of scientific disciplines.
It has enabled the realisation of 3D photonic crystals with stop bands in the visible , magnetic micro-robots capable of carrying out targeted drug delivery , advanced cell scaffolds for cell differentiation  and magnetic nanostructures for advanced 3D data storage architectures .
Here at Cardiff University, we have recently started to build a two-photon lithography system capable of achieving feature sizes of 70nm and a resolution of approximately 100nm. The system, which will be the first of its kind internationally, will be used to fabricate a range of state-of-the-art magnetic and biological nanostructures.
You will work within the groups of Ladak  and Langbein  in order to fabricate a range of 3D functional nanomaterials within the fields of nanomagnetism and artificial biological nanostructures.
Examples of the types of structure fabricated include cylindrical magnetic nanowires, 3D networks of magnetic nanowires and 3D cell scaffolds. The structures will be subject to a range of characterisation procedures including scanning electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy and optical magnetometry.
 Fischer et al. Opt. Mater. Express 1, 614 (2011)
 Barbot et al. Scientific Reports 6, 19041 (2016)
 Koroleva et al. Plos One 10(2), e0118164 (2015)
 Williams et al. Nano Research (2017)
 Ladak Lab
 Biophotonics and Quantum Optoelectronics
What is funded
Full UK/EU tuition fees and Doctoral stipend matching UK Research Council National Minimum.
You will have experience in optical lithography and processing, scanning probe microscopy as well as having an interest in nanostructured materials, magnetism and applications of nanoscience to biological sciences.
You will have a minimum 2.1 honours degree (or equivalent) in Physics, Mathematics, or a related subject.
Applicants whose first language is not English are normally expected to meet the minimum University requirements (eg 6.5 IELTS)