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EURAXESS

MSCA-COFUND-CLEAR-Doc-PhD Position #CD22-29: The driving assistance technology in the city of tomorrow from a safety and comfort perspective

14/10/2022

Job Information

Organisation/Company
Université Gustave Eiffel
Department
TS2-LESCOT
Research Field
Neurosciences
Psychological sciences
Researcher Profile
First Stage Researcher (R1)
Country
France
Application Deadline
Type of Contract
Temporary
Job Status
Full-time
Hours Per Week
35
Is the job funded through the EU Research Framework Programme?
H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND
Marie Curie Grant Agreement Number
101034248
Is the Job related to staff position within a Research Infrastructure?
No

Offer Description

The driving environment has been changing in recent years, particularly in cities, with an increase in the number of road users, especially vulnerable users with the arrival of new individual mobility systems. In addition, in order to improve road safety, cars are increasingly equipped with driver assistance technologies. The forthcoming arrival of autonomous vehicles marks a turning point in driving activity. These technologies either warn the driver of possible risks or allow the vehicle to take full or partial control of the driving activity. There are two major issues with these technologies from the human factor’s point of view:

- The appropriation and acceptance of these technologies by drivers;

- The effectiveness of these technologies in terms of comfort and safety.

Both aspects are largely dependent on motivational and individual factors. If these technologies are designed for the average driver or user, it is necessary to consider personality traits that may influence the acceptance and effectiveness of the technologies.

During the use of partial automation (SAE level 3), future users will not be in charge of the driving as the system will manage it. This delegation of the driving control could raise new questions not only about trust but also about the emotional dimension coming from the Human-Machine Interaction. For example, Rajaonah et al. (2006) showed the link between locus of control, trust and the use of Adaptative Cruise Control. Indeed, an important aspect in the use of driver assistance technologies, and in particular that of future so-called autonomous vehicles, is the notion of control of the situation, which is strongly linked to the psychological concept of locus of control as well as the concept of intolerance to uncertainty.

The term locus of control was first defined by Rotter (1966) and refers to how much control a person feels they have in their own behaviour. That is, people who believe that their own behaviours determine their rewards are suggested as having an internal locus of control, while those believing that factors other than their own behaviour determine their rewards and therefore they do not have any control over their rewards are suggested as having an external locus of control. Since they experience driving a car as being more interesting and involving, it can be expected that drivers with an internal locus of control would have a lower tendency to accept full automation in their cars. Previous research indicated that drivers with an external locus of control tend to rely upon in-vehicle intelligent technologies (Rudin-Brown & Parker 2004). In the same vein, Deming et al. (2008) indicated that anger and impulsivity were positively associated with aggression. Internal locus of control for success was negatively associated with aggression.

In the city of tomorrow, the number of vulnerable road users (e-scooter, pedestrians, cyclists) should raise up. How will be the interaction between automated vehicle and these other road users? Moreover, what will be the impact of the system driving behaviour on the driver/user’ emotion? Will he/she feel more stress or anxiety or serenity? How people who suffers from driving anxiety and that are afraid from other road users’ behaviours will trust and use automation? What are the attentional skills needed to understand and process the information coming from some assistance systems and the driving environment?

The aim of this thesis is therefore to contribute to the knowledge in this field by focusing on specific populations where the notions of control, intolerance to uncertainty and attention are central. We propose to focus on people touched by driving anxiety, people with a strong propensity to anger while driving and people with attentional disorders.

For this purpose, various studies are envisaged either on a simulator, on a track or on the road using a neuroergonomics approach.

The main objectives will be :

- Identify and specify the physiological (e.g., heart rate variability, respiratory rate and volume variability, electrodermal activity, facial expressions) and behavioural indicators describing changes in the driver's attentional and emotional states during the use of assisting technologies;

- Determine the thresholds of these physiological data indicating changes in attentional and emotional states;

- Examining the effect of the interaction between the system and the user and its trust using subjective, behavioural and physiological indicators.

Requirements

Research Field
Psychological sciences
Education Level
Bachelor Degree or equivalent
Research Field
Neurosciences
Education Level
Bachelor Degree or equivalent
Skills/Qualifications
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
Specific Requirements

Applicant should possess either a Master degree (or equivalent) in Neurosciences or inPsychological Sciences

Languages
FRENCH
Level
Good
Languages
ENGLISH
Level
Good

Additional Information

Benefits
  • High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
  • Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
  • Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 700 € (gross salary per month).
  • Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
  • International mobility will be mandatory
  • An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
  • Access to dedicated CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.
Eligibility criteria

Applicants must fulfil the following eligibility criteria:

  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must fulfil the transnational mobility rule: incoming applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 previous years.
  • One application per call per year is allowed.
  • Applicants must be available full-time to start the programme on schedule (November 1st 2023).
  • Application rules are enforced by the French doctoral system which specifies a standard duration of 3 years for a full-time PhD together with the MSCA standards and the OTM-R European rules as follows.
  • Citizens of any nationality may apply to the programme.
  • There is no age limit.
Selection process
Additional comments

The first step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.

  • International mobility :International Mobility is envisaged in Australia with Amanda Stephens' team at the Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC).
  • Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
  • There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
  • Support service is available during every step of the application process by email: clear-doc@univ-eiffel.fr
Website for additional job details

Work Location(s)

Number of offers available
1
Company/Institute
Université Gustave Eiffel
Country
France
City
Bron
Postal Code
69500
Street
25 avenue François Mitterand
Geofield

Contact

City
Bron
Website
Street
25 avenue François Mitterand
Postal Code
69500
E-Mail
alexandra.fort@univ-eiffel.fr