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MSCA-COFUND-CLEAR-Doc-PhD Position#CD22-40: Implementing the urban density of the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) metropolis ; the cases of major transit projects in Paris

10 Oct 2022

Job Information

Université Gustave Eiffel
Research Field
Geography » Other
Geography » Other
Researcher Profile
First Stage Researcher (R1)
Application Deadline
Type of Contract
Job Status
Hours Per Week
Is the job funded through the EU Research Framework Programme?
H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND
Marie Curie Grant Agreement Number
Is the Job related to staff position within a Research Infrastructure?

Offer Description

Large transit projects currently being implemented in Paris (Grand Paris Express) and London (Crossrail/Elisabeth line) bears ambitions of major urban transformations. These major transit investment are designed to improving access conditions and to generating sustainable urban development at agglomeration scale, especially in peripheral spaces with identified opportunities for urban growth, through urban regeneration. Referring to Transit Oriented Development as an academic corpus and an operational concept, the thesis projects intends to focus on density around transit stops as a key factor to characterize and discuss the urban dynamics related to the development of transit systems.

This research aims to address TOD implementation problems related to density. The central research question centers on identifying lessons for successfully developing and implementing a TOD strategy in the London and Paris metropolitan region. The lessons will be structured around three key areas: (i) the production of density-based TOD classification; (ii) the issues of understanding the processes of using, representing and translating knowledge and information related to TOD planning concepts; (iii) the analysis of actors, institutions and governance.

In deed, urban density is expected (by transport planners), planned (by metropolitan authorities), is sometimes overwhelming (resulting from the land value pressure, as a sum of private actors decisions), but can also be resisted (by local stakeholders), and even feared (in the post-pandemic context). The topic of urban density around transit involve a series of connected concepts – well captured in the TOD literature – of functional diversity, urban design, accessibility that should be included in the focus of the topic. This involves the topics of the acceptation of density, supporting urban diversity, adapting to land price pressure (sometimes due to speculation), planning for housing affordability, the design of a post-pandemic density, the quality of urban design.

* see table here:


1 Past, present and future density, diversity and accessibility of railway stations districts

2 Past and present urban development project around stations

3 Barriers and ways forward


1 Objectivizing urban issues

2 Understanding the narrative

3 Identifying and proposing


1 Measuring urban indicators by means of GIS, accessibility measurement tools (e.g. OpenTripPlanner), TOD indexes

2 Studying past and existing urban projects, actors interviews

3 Studying how problems, barriers (for more density, more diversity, housing affordability, better design, accessibility) are enunciated, and how they are – eventually – resolved


1 Producing new knowledge

2 Assessing the current urban projects

3 Identifying good practices, the main factors and actors at play

The candidate should have a written and oral level in English and French languages, in order to be able to read documents and conduct actors interviews.

References :

Cervero, Robert. 2019. ‘The Transit Metropolis : A 21st Century Perspective’. Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning, 131.

Papa, Enrica. 2019. ‘Implementing Transit Oriented Development in Greater London’. In Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities, 186–97. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ibraeva, Anna, Gonçalo Homem de Almeida Correia, Cecília Silva, et António Pais Antunes. 2020. « Transit-Oriented Development: A Review of Research Achievements and Challenges ». Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 132: 110 30.

Renne, John L., et Bruce Appleyard. 2019. « Twenty-Five Years in the Making: TOD as a New Name for an Enduring Concept ». Journal of Planning Education and Research 39(4): 402 8.


Research Field
Geography » Other
Education Level
Master Degree or equivalent
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
Specific Requirements

The candidate should have a written and oral level in English and French languages, in order to be able to read documents and conduct actors interviews.


Additional Information

  • High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
  • Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
  • Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 700 € (gross salary per month).
  • Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
  • International mobility will be mandatory
  • An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
  • Access to dedicated CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.
Eligibility criteria
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must fulfil the transnational mobility rule: incoming applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 previous years.
  • One application per call per year is allowed.
  • Applicants must be available full-time to start the programme on schedule (November 1st 2023).
  • Application rules are enforced by the French doctoral system which specifies a standard duration of 3 years for a full-time PhD together with the MSCA standards and the OTM-R European rules as follows.
  • Citizens of any nationality may apply to the programme.
  • There is no age limit.
Selection process

Please refer to the Guide for Applicants available on the CLEAR-Doc website

Additional comments
  • The First step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.
  • International mobility planned:

A 3-month secondment at Univesity of Westminster (UK).

  • Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
  • There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
  • Support service is available during every step of the application process by email:
Website for additional job details

Work Location(s)

Number of offers available
Université Gustave Eiffel
Postal Code
20 Rue Élisée Reclus


5, Boulevard Descartes
Postal Code