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EURAXESS

MSCA-COFUND-CLEAR-Doc-PhD Position#CD22-35: NEW ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY OF URBAN REDEVELOPMENT DESIGN FOR BETTER INTERCONNECTION OF CYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN NETWORKS ALONG THE DOCK SIDES OF A WATERWAY

13/10/2022

Job Information

Organisation/Company
Université Gustave Eiffel
Department
COSYS-PICS-L
Research Field
Computer science
Computer science » Informatics
Sociology
Sociology » Urban sociology
Researcher Profile
First Stage Researcher (R1)
Country
France
Application Deadline
Type of Contract
Temporary
Job Status
Full-time
Hours Per Week
35
Is the job funded through the EU Research Framework Programme?
H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND
Marie Curie Grant Agreement Number
101034245
Is the Job related to staff position within a Research Infrastructure?
No

Offer Description

In a city, the street network is heterogeneous in terms of composition but also of infrastructure due to the adaptation of the layout to more and more different users. Current urban traffic flow in European city centers are composed of pedestrians, bicycles, scooters, and other personal mobility devices (PMD). However, integrating pedestrians, bicycles, PMDs and more generally heterogeneous mobility solutions in urban areas raises important unresolved issues regarding the transport policy. Nowadays, it is fundamental to develop strategies facilitating the cohabitation between the different street users, mitigating road sharing in between integration and segregation, and to device safe and efficient urban planning solutions, especially for vulnerable users such as pedestrians. The case of the docks of a harbor or a river bank is even more problematic due to the narrow sidewalk space and the proximity of water.

Focusing on the sidewalk space, there are two ways of managing people motions in a mixed traffic: segregation strategies consisting in reserving specific lanes to the different users, and urban furnitures slowing down and securing the flows. Sidewalk sharing strategies can be implemented by way of road marking between cycling path for PMD and pedestrian space. When designing a future redevelopment project, a method is required to assess are required to evaluate different scenario of sidewalk traffic strategy such as: a basic layout with free mixed traffic, a cycle way with physical separator, and a shared way with road marking boundaries for PMD.

The impact of infrastructure modifications can be measured according to two indicators: Security -necessity of a comfortable interaction with equity in road sharing- and travel time -efficiency of the new urban layout proposed compared to the current one. The aim is to build a tool that help devise sidewalk design, rule and priority solutions providing safe and efficient motion conditions to the different users. It requires to identify critical links, curbs and intersections where frictions between sidewalk users can happen under a given scenario of mobility. Different settings of cycling and street infrastructure can be modeled numerically, as well as various urban environments. The aim of the thesis is to build such model in 3D and use it to virtually assess the redevelopment propositions.

As part of Margherita Pazzini's (Unibo) thesis, a redevelopment of the Port of Rimini canal was proposed after on-site inspection in the form of 2D/3D drawings of the changes to the transport infrastructure. The main objective of the proposed redevelopment is to make cycling and walking on the platforms more fluid, and to facilitate their interaction. An immersive visit with 3D modeling of the entire Port Canal is being created with Unibo, in order to predict and describe the quality of the environment and urban spaces in the project situation and to validate the renovation proposals. A virtual tour of the canal in the reference situation (current situation see photo) is also under construction. These scenes include flows of people moving in three modes: walking/cycling/car.

The question that arises is how to compare these infrastructures, how to qualify the improvement that the proposed redevelopments would bring in relation to the flow of people, using these virtual scenes. The project consists of selecting videos or a VR visit taken from these scenes, showing them to a group of participants and submitting them to a questionnaire. A specific corpus of inhabitants of the region that already know the places will be investigated in order to study their real-life experience and their projection in the future renovated spaces. The analysis of the responses to this questionnaire would make it possible to compare the transport infrastructures before and after the project, by analyzing virtual scenes with movement of people. The use of real scenes is not possible for the post-project situation because the renovations are not planned until 2024.

GRETTIA and Unibo are collaborating on the infrastructure part (quays, buildings, roads and pathways) and the integration of multimodal travel to populate virtual environments, and this thesis would research methods and knowledge on scene comparison from of videos or VR head-mounted display. In particular, the creation of questionnaires and their interpretation will be part of the study.

Requirements

Research Field
Computer science
Education Level
Bachelor Degree or equivalent
Skills/Qualifications
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
Languages
FRENCH
Level
Basic
Languages
ENGLISH
Level
Good

Additional Information

Benefits
  • High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
  • Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
  • Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 700 € (gross salary per month).
  • Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
  • International mobility will be mandatory
  • An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
  • Access to dedicated CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.
Eligibility criteria
  • Applicants must fulfil the following eligibility criteria:
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must fulfil the transnational mobility rule: incoming applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 previous years.
  • One application per call per year is allowed.
  • Applicants must be available full-time to start the programme on schedule (November 1st 2023).
  • Application rules are enforced by the French doctoral system which specifies a standard duration of 3 years for a full-time PhD together with the MSCA standards and the OTM-R European rules as follows.
  • Citizens of any nationality may apply to the programme.
  • There is no age limit.
Selection process

Please refer to the Guide for Applicants available on the CLEAR-Doc website: https://clear-doc.univ-gustave-eiffel.fr/how-to-apply/useful-documents/

Additional comments
  • The First step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.
  • International mobility planned:

The Applicant will have a international mobility at the University of Bologna.

  • Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
  • There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
  • Support service is available during every step of the application process by email: clear-doc@univ-eiffel.fr
Website for additional job details

Work Location(s)

Number of offers available
1
Company/Institute
Université Gustave Eiffel
Country
France
City
Marne-La-Vallée
Postal Code
77454
Street
5, Boulevard Descartes
Geofield

Contact

City
Marne-La-Vallée
Website
Street
5, Boulevard Descartes
Postal Code
77454
E-Mail
hocine.imine@univ-eiffel.fr