Skip to main content
EURAXESS

MSCA-COFUND-CLEAR-Doc - PhD Position #CD22-01: For a more sustainable mobility: understanding disability situations to better solve them

13/10/2022

Job Information

Organisation/Company
Université Gustave Eiffel
Department
AME-DEST
Research Field
Economics
Demography
Sociology
Geography
Researcher Profile
First Stage Researcher (R1)
Country
France
Application Deadline
Type of Contract
Temporary
Job Status
Full-time
Hours Per Week
35
Is the job funded through the EU Research Framework Programme?
H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND
Reference Number
101034248
Marie Curie Grant Agreement Number
101034248
Is the Job related to staff position within a Research Infrastructure?
No

Offer Description

Sustainable mobility, a challenge for the city of the future, integrates the concerns of solidarity and the fight against inequalities, exclusion and discrimination of all kinds. Mobility is a determining factor in social inclusion and participation, and is a prerequisite for access to learning, medical or leisure facilities, as well as the possibility of working and participating fully, freely and autonomously in community life. Accessibility of transport is therefore a major issue, especially for people who have difficulty accessing it in connection with a disability or reduced mobility.

In France, the transport organising authorities (AOT) have been obliged to make newly built transport systems or those undergoing work accessible since the 1975 law on guidance for disabled people. The law of February 2005 ""for equal rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of disabled people"" strengthened this obligation since existing public transport services had to be accessible to people with reduced mobility. The latter should therefore progressively benefit from an improvement in their travel conditions, or even be able to travel when they could not before. However, in France, since the early 1990s, national transport surveys have shown a constant rate of people who are ""inconvenienced"" during their travel, around 10% of the population. Furthermore, in the field, the current state of progress of the SDA (Schémas Directeurs d'Accessibilité des Services de Transport) drawn up by the AOTs and the PAVEs (Plans de Mise en Accessibilité de la Voirie et des Espaces Publics) which municipalities must adopt, highlights the need for knowledge of issues of reduced mobility to feed into travel diagnoses, both in terms of covering needs and in terms of changes in practices (e.g. modal shifts) or an increase in the number of people having access to public transport. However, little is known at present in France about the populations that have difficulty in travelling in relation with a disability or reduced mobility (mainly disabled or elderly people), as well as their travel practices (or lack of travel) and their needs in terms of access and mobility.

In line with interactionist and social approaches of disability issues (Fougeyrollas 1998 and 2010, Albrecht et al. 2001), as opposed to a so-called medical approach, this thesis will aim to identify the mechanisms that lead to the production of disability situations in the use of transport, by looking at all the factors, both personal and environmental (physical and social environment), that interact to produce these situations and hinder the social participation of the people concerned. It will question the impact of making transport systems accessible - in particular via the use of digital technology - in reducing these situations of disability, as well as the gender differences that can be observed and the interaction with economic or location difficulties.

The methods of investigation will integrate:

- The analysis of existing data (notably French national surveys) on the travel practices of disabled people and people with reduced mobility

- The elaboration, collection and analysis of a first survey of people with disabilities (motor, sensory, intellectual or psychological), of the ""life course"" type, as well as a second survey using semi-directive interviews, to examine in greater depth the difficulties encountered and the means to overcome them.

- International comparisons (in particular with Canada) on travel discomfort and its determinants.

Références

Albrecht G. L., Ravaud J.-F., Stiker H.-J. (2001) L'émergence des disability studies : état des lieux et perspectives. In: Sciences sociales et santé. Volume 19, n°4, 2001, pp. 43-73.

Dejoux, V. (2010). Situation de handicap lors des déplacements : caractéristiques individuelles, pratiques de mobilité, environnement physique et social. Thèse de doctorat, université Paris-I, Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Fougeyrollas, P., Bergeron H., Cloutier R., St-Michel, G. et Côté, J. (1998). Classification québécoise : Processus de production du handicap. RIPPH https://mhavie.ca/boutique/fr/classification-internationale-modele-de-de...

Fougeyrollas, P. (2010). Le funambule, le fil et la toile - Transformations réciproques du sens du handicap, Presses Universitaires de Laval, Québec, 338 p.

Meissonnier, J. et Dejoux, V. (2016). The Commented Walk Method as a Way of Highlighting Precise Daily Mobility Difficulties – A Case Study Focusing on Cognitive or Mental Diseases, Transportation Research Procedia, Elsevier, 2016, 14, pp.4403 - 4409. 〈10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.362〉

Meissonnier, J. (2020). Faire face ou faire avec. Situations de vulnérabilité et situations de handicap, Populations vulnérables, Univ. Bourgogne (2017-..) ; Néothèque éd (2013-1016), 2020, Mobilité et vulnérabilités, https://journals.openedition.org/popvuln/1249"

Requirements

Research Field
Sociology
Education Level
Bachelor Degree or equivalent
Skills/Qualifications
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
Languages
FRENCH
Level
Excellent
Languages
ENGLISH
Level
Good

Additional Information

Benefits
  • High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
  • Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
  • Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 700 € (gross salary per month).
  • Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
  • International mobility will be mandatory
  • An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
  • Access to dedicated CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.
Eligibility criteria

Applicants must fulfil the following eligibility criteria:

  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must fulfil the transnational mobility rule: incoming applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 previous years.

One application per call per year is allowed.

Applicants must be available full-time to start the programme on schedule (November 1st 2023).

Application rules are enforced by the French doctoral system which specifies a standard duration of 3 years for a full-time PhD together with the MSCA standards and the OTM-R European rules as follows.

Citizens of any nationality may apply to the programme.

There is no age limit.

Selection process

Please refer to the Guide for Applicants available on the CLEAR-Doc website

Additional comments
  • The First step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.
  • International mobility:A mobility in Canada with François Routhier from the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration (Cirris) at Laval University (Canada) is considered. The student will conduct a survey using semi-structured interviews, to deepen the difficulties encountered and the means to overcome them in Canada.
  • Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
  • There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
  • Support service is available during every step of the application process by email: clear-doc@univ-eiffel.fr
Website for additional job details

Work Location(s)

Number of offers available
1
Company/Institute
Université Gustave Eiffel
Country
France
State/Province
Île de France
City
Marne-la-Vallée
Postal Code
77454
Street
5, Boulevard Descartes
Geofield

Contact

City
Marne-La-Vallée
Website
Street
5, Boulevard Descartes
Postal Code
77454
E-Mail
jimmy.armoogum@univ-eiffel.fr