29/03/2022

[POST-DOC Position] Violence & Mental Health (VIM)

This job offer has expired


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    Université Rennes II
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    Psychological sciencesPsychoanalytic studies
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    01/05/2022 11:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • LOCATION
    France › Rennes
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    35

OFFER DESCRIPTION

  • Call for expression of interest description

The Marie S. Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship (MSCA-PF) programme is a highly prestigious renowned EU-funded scheme. It offers talented scientists a unique chance to set up 2-year research and training projects with the support of a supervising team. Besides providing an attractive grant, it represents a major opportunity to boost the career of promising researchers.

The University of Rennes 2 and the RPpsy-Research in psychopathology and psychoanalysis research laboratory is thus looking for excellent postdoctoral researchers with an international profile to write a persuasive proposal to apply for a Marie S. Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship grant in 2022 (deadline of the EU call set on 14 September 2022). The topic and research team presented below have been identified in this regard.

  • Keywords

Violence, mental health, acting out, radicalization, psychosis

  • Research project description

The search for a possible link between violence and mental health, with the aim of understanding and preventing acting out, is not only recent. It dates back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, at the time of the institutionalization of places to treat and punish: hospital and prison. Indeed, the reconfiguration of a new society, republican and democratic, went hand in hand with the confinement of those who could have disrupted it by acting out: the "madmen" and the criminals. Thus, the degree of violence in an act become a significant criterion for measuring an individual's "dangerousness" and propensity to act out? In contrast with this view, violence could be considered not as a cause but as the isolated effect of an individual in search of meaning: to what is violence a response? Emerging brutally from a fracture, from a point of impossibility (to say and to symbolize), violence attacks both the individual, the collective, and society.

The problem that emerges is then that of a relationship/non-relation between violence and acting out, which needs to be understood from three different viewpoint, namely, mental illness, gender, and radicalisation: this is the research hypothesis. In other words, if violence resides in the gap between the fields of the individual and the collective, it is only through its unfolding in society that it becomes a societal problem of mental health and of "danger" for the common good.

Thus, the scientific objectives of the Postdoctoral Fellow's research are:

Epistemological and psychopathological analysis of the concept of violence, based on its occurrences and discursive developments.

Clinical analysis of the relationship/non-relation between acting out and psychosis.

Discursive analysis of issues related to gender and feminicide (general objective); clinical analysis of the relationship/non-relation between acting out and gender (specific objective).

Societal analysis of issues related to extremism and radicalism (general objective); clinical analysis of the relationship/non-relation between acting out and radicalisation (specific objective).

The research methodology is mixed: qualitative (semi-structured interviews, interviews, discourse analysis, etc.) and quantitative (questionnaires, file review, metanalysis, etc.).

Relevant approaches include (but are not limited to) clinical psychology and the psychoanalytic psychopathology.

A multidisciplinary approach is essential. The aim of the Postdoctoral fellow will be to work on these types of contemporary violence, which are increasingly fracturing our societies and our social ties – mental illness, feminicide, radicalization – by generating a fear and terror of future acting out that can sometimes spill over into more or less discursive violence.

Secondment/placement : 

Regarding a possible “secondment” during the fellowship, the Postdoctoral fellow will have the opportunity, for instance, to go to the ENS University within the sociology/anthropology department. As for the placement, the Postdoctoral fellow could work in prison and hospital institutions or with associations supporting women victims of violence.

Bibliographic references:

-Foucault M. (1976) "Il faut défendre la société ", Cours au Collège de France. Paris, Seuil/Gallimard, 1997.

- Freud S. (1921) « Psychologie des foules et analyse du moi ». In Freud S., Essais de psychanalyse. Paris : Éditions Payot, 2001, p. 129-242.

- Gauchet M., Swain G. (1980). La pratique de l’esprit humain. Paris : Éditions Gallimard.

  • Supervisors

The Postdoctoral fellow will work under the supervision of Giorgia Tiscini.

Giorgia Tiscini : Senior lecturer and researcher in clinical psychopathology, my research covers four areas : 1) the epistemological analysis of discursive logics and formations (e.g. alienism, phrenology, criminology, etc.); 2) clinical research on violence and acting out outside the law; 3) the clinical analysis of acting-out and prison’s effects those who do so; 4) the discursive, epistemological and clinical analysis of contemporary phenomena (e.g. radicalization, terrorism, violence against women, etc.), as well as practices of the body and practices on the body (e.g. artificial melancholy, the body and adolescence/youth, etc.). -

Jaccard A. & Tiscini G. (2021). “Operational” concepts in the phenomenon of Islamist radicalization: From the subject to the apocalypse. INT J PSYCHOANAL, VOL. 102, NO. 2, p. 315–340

- Tiscini G., Kalaora L. (2019). Violence aux frontières du symbolique. Adolescence, 37, 2, p. 325-341.

- Tiscini G., (2018). Les effets de l’incarcération chez les mineurs. Neuropsychiatrie de l'enfance et de l'adolescence, vol 66, n°1, p. 47-51.

Yohan Trichet will be cosupervisor. He is a  professor in clinical psychopathology. His research focusses on:

The clinical analysis of psychotic violent acting out (infanticide, mass murder, radicalization, political and ideological violence).

The logic of psychosis and contemporary social ties.

The psychiatric construction of the “passage to the act” in mental illness.

- Trichet Y. (2020). « Logique psychotique d'(auto-)destruction et meurtre de masse. Le cas de Denis Lortie à la lumière de la psychanalyse. Partie I. Le projet d'attentat. Bulletin de psychologie, t.73(6), n°570, p. 283-296.

- Trichet Y, Hamon R. (2015). « Richard Durn ou o empuxo ao crime do ideal », Tempo psicanalitico, 2/47, p. 188-207.

- Trichet Y, Hamon R, Gaspard J-L. (2015). « Traitement psychanalytique et subjectivation de l’acte d'homicide, ou tentative, chez des sujets psychotiques », Bulletin de psychologie, t.68(4), p. 331-339.

  • Department/ Research 

The RPPsy “Research in psychopathology and psychoanalysis” is a URM (Joint Research Unit). It is located in the University of Rennes 2 (main site), the University of Poitiers, the University of Brest and UCO of Angers.

It welcomes as permanent members lecturer-researchers in psychoanalytically oriented psychopathology. It welcomes also, as associate members, professionals from institutions with whom work is carried out in the medical, medico-social, educational, and judicial fields oriented by the clinical of subject. Research – much of which is part of wider international cooperation (South America, Europe, Russia, North Africa, Asia) – promotes a case by case approach reflective of the psychoanalytical orientation (predominantly Lacanian orientation). RPpsy researchers publish in both French and foreign journals, as well as publishing a number of books that are considered a reference in the field of psychopathology. Within an accredited Doctoral School (PhD), the RPpsy welcomes doctoral students who develop innovative research within a clinical paradigm. In addition, the RPpsy also welcomes foreign students with study grants.

Research areas :

Each site (Rennes, Poitiers, Brest, Angers) is a component of RPpsy and bears a specific title (Rennes, main site, having two components):

C-RCP: Research component in Psychoanalytic Clinic, psychic processes, and aesthetics, Catholic University of the West, Angers, UCO.

C-RPC: Research Component in Clinical Psychopathology, University of Brest, UBO.

C-CAPS: Clinical Component of the Act and Psycho-Sexuality, University of Poitiers.

C-LS: Subjective Logic Component and New Symptom Forms, Rennes 2 University.

C-CPS: Specific fields and practices component, Rennes 2 University.

The research topics of the components are transversal and allow RRpsy researchers, outside their university affiliation, to lead and participate in joint projects and research.

RPpsy has many national and international projects, such as Erasmus +. Moreover, the researchers build international relationships through the publication of collective works, participation in congresses, etc.

Laboratory website : https://www.rppsy.fr

More Information

Eligibility criteria

Academic qualification: By 14 september 2022, applicants must be in possession of a doctoral degree, defined as a successfully defended doctoral thesis, even if the doctoral degree has yet to be awarded.

Research experience: Applicants must have a maximum of 8 years full-time equivalent experience in research, measured from the date applicants were in possession of a doctoral degree. Years of experience outside research and career breaks (e.g. due to parental leave), will not be taken into account.

Nationality & Mobility rules: Applicants can be of any nationality but must not have resided in France more than 12 months between 14/09/2019 and 14/09/2022

Selection process

We encourage all motivated and eligible postdoctoral researchers to send their expressions of interest through the EU Survey application form (link here), before 1st of May 2022. Your application shall include:

  • a CV specifying: (i) the exact dates for each position and its location (country) and (ii) a list of publications;

    a cover letter including a research outline (up to 2 pages) identifying the research synergies with the project supervisor(s) and proposed research topics described above.

Estimated timetable

  • Deadline to apply to the present call for expression of interest: 1st May 2022
  • Selection of the most promising application(s): May-June 2022
  • Writing the MSCA-PF proposal with the support of the above-mentioned supervisor(s): June-September 2022
  • Expected MSCA-PF 2022 call deadline: 14th September 2022
  • Publication of the evaluation results: 1st February 2023
  • Start of the research and training project (if funded): 1st May 2023 (at the earliest)

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
    ENGLISH: Good

Skills/Qualifications

Software: software for textual and discursive analysis (e.g. Alceste ; Nvivo ; Iramuteq ; etc.); metanalysis software (e.g. RevMan, etc.) ; statistical software (e.g. R ; SAS ; Jamovi, etc.)

Knowledge of the language of psychopathology and psychanalysis.

Other skills: Ability to Synthesize; scientific writing; KPI Management; Autonomy;

English (C1-C2).

Publications: at least 1 per year as 1st author since their PhD

Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
RPpsy
France
Rennes

EURAXESS offer ID: 764343

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