07/12/2021
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

MSCA-COFUND-CLEAR-Doc - PhD Position #CD21-42 "Implementing the urban density of the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) metropolis ; the cases of major transit projects in Paris and London"

This job offer has expired


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    Université Gustave Eiffel
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    EngineeringCivil engineering
    Geography
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    21/03/2022 17:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • LOCATION
    France › Lille
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    35
  • OFFER STARTING DATE
    01/10/2022
  • EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
    H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND
  • MARIE CURIE GRANT AGREEMENT NUMBER
    101034248

OFFER DESCRIPTION

Large transit projects currently being implemented in Paris (Grand Paris Express) and London (Crossrail/Elisabeth line) bears ambitions of major urban transformations. These major transit investment are designed to improving access conditions and to generating sustainable urban development at agglomeration scale, especially in peripheral spaces with identified opportunities for urban growth, through urban regeneration. Referring to Transit Oriented Development as an academic corpus and an operational concept, the thesis projects intends to focus on density around transit stops as a key factor to characterize and discuss the urban dynamics related to the development of transit systems.

This research aims to address TOD implementation problems related to density. The central research question centers on identifying lessons for successfully developing and implementing a TOD strategy in the London and Paris metropolitan region. The lessons will be structured around three key areas: (i) the production of density-based TOD classification; (ii) the issues of understanding the processes of using, representing and translating knowledge and information related to TOD planning concepts; (iii) the analysis of actors, institutions and governance.

In deed, urban density is expected (by transport planners), planned (by metropolitan authorities), is sometimes overwhelming (resulting from the land value pressure, as a sum of private actors decisions), but can also be resisted (by local stakeholders), and even feared (in the post-pandemic context). The topic of urban density around transit involve a series of connected concepts – well captured in the TOD literature – of functional diversity, urban design, accessibility that should be included in the focus of the topic. This involves the topics of the acceptation of density, supporting urban diversity, adapting to land price pressure (sometimes due to speculation), planning for housing affordability, the design of a post-pandemic density, the quality of urban design.

Thematic

Past, present and future density, diversity and accessibility of railway stations districts

Past and present urban development project around stations

Barriers and ways forward

Objectives

Objectivizing urban issues

Understanding the narrative

Identifying and proposing

Methods

Measuring urban indicators by means of GIS, accessibility measurement tools (e.g. OpenTripPlanner), TOD indexes

Studying past and existing urban projects, actors interviews

Studying how problems, barriers (for more density, more diversity, housing affordability, better design, accessibility) are enunciated, and how they are – eventually – resolved

Outcomes

Producing new knowledge

Assessing the current urban projects

Identifying good practices, the main factors and actors at play

The candidate should have a written and oral level in English and French languages, in order to be able to read documents and conduct actors interviews.

References :

Cervero, Robert. 2019. ‘The Transit Metropolis : A 21st Century Perspective’. Transportation, Land Use, and Environmental Planning, 131.

Papa, Enrica. 2019. ‘Implementing Transit Oriented Development in Greater London’. In Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities, 186–97. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ibraeva, Anna, Gonçalo Homem de Almeida Correia, Cecília Silva, et António Pais Antunes. 2020. « Transit-Oriented Development: A Review of Research Achievements and Challenges ». Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 132: 110 30.

Renne, John L., et Bruce Appleyard. 2019. « Twenty-Five Years in the Making: TOD as a New Name for an Enduring Concept ». Journal of Planning Education and Research 39(4): 402 8.

International Mobility:

A 3-month secondment at Univesity of Westminster (UK).

For more information, contact the PhD thesis supervisor.

 

More Information

Benefits

  • High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
  • Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
  • Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 700 € (gross salary per month).
  • Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
  • International mobility will be mandatory
  • An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
  • Access to dedicated CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.

Eligibility criteria

  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree. At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately prior to the call deadline.
  • Applicants must be available to start the programme on schedule (around 1st October 2022).

Selection process

Additional comments

  • The First step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.
  • Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
  • There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
  • Support service is available during every step of the application process by email: clear-doc@univ-eiffel.fr

Web site for additional job details

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
    ENGLISH: Excellent
    FRENCH: Good

Skills/Qualifications

  • The candidate should hold a university degree in urban planning, geography or related disciplines.
  • The candidate should have a written and oral level in English and French languages, in order to be able to read documents and conduct actors interviews.
  • At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
  • At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.

Specific Requirements

International mobility : a 3-month secondment at Univesity of Westminster (UK). For more information, contact the PhD thesis supervisor.

Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
Université Gustave Eiffel
France
France
Lille
59666
20, rue Élisée Reclus

EURAXESS offer ID: 716471

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