ORGANISATION/COMPANYUniversité Gustave Eiffel
RESEARCH FIELDPsychological sciences
RESEARCHER PROFILEFirst Stage Researcher (R1)
APPLICATION DEADLINE21/03/2022 17:00 - Europe/Brussels
LOCATIONFrance › Marne-La-Vallée
TYPE OF CONTRACTTemporary
HOURS PER WEEK35
OFFER STARTING DATE01/10/2022
EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMMEH2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
MARIE CURIE GRANT AGREEMENT NUMBER101034248
For some years now, we have been witnessing a hybridization of different modes of public and private transport, encouraged by the developments in the fields of digitalization and autonomous driving. Between trains, shuttles and shared taxis, the border between individual modes and public transport is less clear. New modes of transports appear. These upheavals are accompanied by new user experiences, which must now be discovered and invented to continue along the path of user-centred design.
These new scientific and industrial challenges require urgent attention: mobility technologies are evolving rapidly and the ideation and design methods that foster mobility visions and planning are still too poorly understood. They imply prospective research on future use and users, both from a conceptual and methodological point of view. Anticipating future needs and uses is therefore becoming a field of research in its own right which aims to grasp the full extent of the affective, cognitive, social and cultural relationships that people experience throughout their mobility experiences. This is a scientific challenge: to embark on a more forward-looking path by anticipating the needs and expectations of users who do not yet exist.
For less than ten years, prospective ergonomics has been interested in characterising the future in all areas of human life. It can be defined ""as a modality of ergonomic intervention that consists in anticipating future needs, uses and behaviours or in constructing future needs in order to create processes, products or services that are well adapted to them. "" (Brangier & Robert, 2014, p.4). The aim of this thesis will be to make a contribution to prospective ergonomics applied to shared mobility. The contributions of this thesis will be to propose innovation methods and concepts for the creation of an immersive and tangible experience of future mobility visions that do not yet exist. Innovation paths for services and products will be identified.
Prospective ergonomics is a promising field, as evidenced by the special issue of the journal ""Le Travail Humain"" of 2014. Its methods remain to be constructed. Indeed, it is unusual for ergonomics, a discipline accustomed to studying real activity in situation, to predict future activity. The current proposals combine three types of analysis: on the one hand, the study of current uses by classical methods such as activity analysis (Leplat, 2000), with a view to proposing reference situations, on the other hand, the analysis of ""what might be"" future needs with methods of projection into future situations on the basis of scenarios co-constructed with public mobility providers (König & Grippenkoven, 2019), and, finally, the detailed analysis of the major trends (demographic, economic, social, cultural, political, technological) with the help of the various studies available. This combination has already been successfully applied to the study of dynamic carpooling (Allinc et al., 2018) and shared robot taxis (Hoarau & Cahour, 2021).
This thesis aims to define an approach to anticipate future mobility needs in order to contribute to the field of prospective ergonomics from a conceptual and methodological point of view. How can future needs for shared mobility be identified and anticipated in order to guide innovation in this field? How are the resulting product and service proposals received by experts from the industrial world or likely future users?
To our knowledge, very few theses have been devoted to prospective ergonomics in the dynamic evolving field of mobility. Prospective ergonomics has emerged very recently as a field of research, bringing together more and more researchers in ergonomics in France and offering a structural framework for the work carried out throughout the world on the anticipation of human needs.
Expected results and valorisation:
Using methods that he/she will have to identify, the PhD student will carry out an in-depth study of shared mobility practices, identify creative ideas for needs, uses and tools and finally, on the basis of this data, produce proposals for shared mobility services that will be confronted with different audiences (experts and users) to test their relevance with regard to human-centred criteria.
In terms of academic valorisation, the PhD student is expected to contribute to the writing of scientific publications.
Working approach, method:
The thesis will start with an analysis of existing work on shared mobility, prospective ergonomics, activity analysis, methods of projection into a future activity and more broadly methods of generating creative ideas and prospective in general (economy, society, demography, mobility...). This state of the art will enable the design of a methodological toolbox combining the three types of analysis mentioned above: analysis of current activity for the characterisation of reference situations, methods of projection into a future situation and major trends. This mix of methods has already proved its worth (Buisine et al., 2018; Nelson et al., 2014).
The thesis will also aim to test a global approach integrating these different methods and leading to the production of decision support materials, the different forms of which can be tested.
The international mobility will be organized with DLR, Germany. For more information, contact the PhD thesis supervisor.
- High-quality doctoral training rewarded by a PhD degree, delivered by Université Gustave Eiffel
- Access to cutting-edge infrastructures for research & innovation.
- Appointment for a period of 36 months based on a salary of 2 228€ (gross salary per month).
- Job contract under the French labour legislation in force, respecting health and safety, and social security: 35 hours per week contract, 25 days of annual leave per year.
- International mobility will be mandatory
- An international environment supported by the adherence to the European Charter & Code.
- Access to dedicate’d CLEAR-Doc trainings with a strong interdisciplinary focus, together with a Career development Plan.
- At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree. At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
- At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in the first four years (full-time equivalent research experience) of their research career (career breaks excluded) and not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. Career breaks refer to periods of time where the candidate was not active in research, regardless of his/her employment status (sick leave, maternity leave etc). Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.
- At the time of the deadline, applicants must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in France for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately prior to the call deadline.
- Applicants must be available to start the programme on schedule (around 1st October 2022).
- Please refer to the Guide for Applicants available on the CLEAR-Doc website.
- The First step before applying is contacting the PhD supervisor. You will not be able to apply without an acceptation letter from the PhD supervisor.
- Please contact the PhD supervisor for any additional detail on job offer.
- There are no restrictions concerning the age, gender or nationality of the candidates. Applicants with career breaks or variations in the chronological sequence of their career, with mobility experience or with interdisciplinary background or private sector experience are welcome to apply.
- Support service is available during every step of the application process by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Web site for additional job details
REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVELPsychological sciences: Master Degree or equivalent
REQUIRED LANGUAGESFRENCH: BasicENGLISH: Excellent
- At the time of the deadline, applicants must be in possession or finalizing their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree.
- At the time of recruitment, applicants must be in possession of their Master’s degree or equivalent/postgraduate degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
EURAXESS offer ID: 715381
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