02/04/2021
The Human Resources Strategy for Researchers

Phd contract in the field of Earth sciences financed for three years by the University of Clermont Auvergne


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    Université Clermont Auvergne
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    Geosciences
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    23/05/2021 00:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • LOCATION
    France › Aubière
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    35
  • OFFER STARTING DATE
    01/10/2021
  • REFERENCE NUMBER
    SF-CD-2021-027

OFFER DESCRIPTION

Constraining pre-eruptive timescales of an active volcano

Accumulation of CO2in a magma chamber may generate large enough overpressure on timescales shorter than a decade leading to explosive eruption of low-viscosity magma (Woods and Cardoso, 1997). Volcanoes that frequently start with explosive eruption, which progressively turn to effusive activity and produce magma of similar composition, are likely to possess a deep magma chamber where water remains in solution but a gasphase composed of CO2 accumulates. Deep segregation of CO2from melt can lead to bubble accumulation at the top of the chamber with consequent build-up of the inert gas Rn. Radon decay to 210Pb would then leave a trace for the CO2accumulation process, which can be tested by measuring short-lived disequilibria between the radon-daughters in the 238U-decay series in the first emitted tephra of an explosive eruption (Berlo et al., 2006; Sigmarsson et al., 2015). The PhD-project concernsthe magma system of Hekla volcano, in particular, together with evaluation of the gas phase for understanding deformation measurements at other active volcanoes. The project involves careful sampling of tephra layers from the last century at Hekla, mineralogy and elemental diffusion for estimating timescales of differentiation processes at depth together with radioactivity measurements of short-lived radionuclides. The aim is to better understand measured real-time signals and pre-eruptive magmatic timescales. The project recently received funding for three years by the Icelandic Research Fund. It is submitted as a collaborative project between University of Iceland and Université Clermont Auvergne starting 2021 or 2022.

More Information

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
    Geosciences: Master Degree or equivalent

Map Information

Job Work Location Personal Assistance locations
Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
Magmas and Volcanoes Laboratory
France
Région Auvergne Rhône-Alpes
Aubière
63178
Campus Universitaire des Cézeaux, TSA 60026 - CS 60026, 6 Avenue Blaise Pascal

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EURAXESS offer ID: 623004

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