20/04/2020
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

PhD. In geosciences, ITN MSCA H2020, PANORAMA, (offer 2)


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    Université de Rennes 1
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    Environmental scienceOther
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    15/06/2020 23:00 - Europe/London
  • LOCATION
    France › rennes
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    35
  • OFFER STARTING DATE
    01/10/2020
  • EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
    H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
  • REFERENCE NUMBER
    being awarded
  • MARIE CURIE GRANT AGREEMENT NUMBER
    1
  • IS THE JOB RELATED TO STAFF POSITION WITHIN A RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE?
    Yes

Ph.D. Title. Reactive transport of REE in natural porous media: experimental study and modeling

Research objectives

Context. Rare earth elements (REE) are crucial to a wide range of modern technologies. The high demand with respect to global REE production makes them technologically critical elements. Because of their extensive use and release to the environment, REE are also considered as emerging contaminants, whose negative effects on human and environmental health have been suggested. Because contaminants speciation largely affects their fate in the environment as well as their bioavailability and toxicity, it is necessary to develop reactive transport models to predict the fate of REE in natural systems.

Once released to the environment, the biogeochemical cycle of REE is strongly affected by natural particle. Adsorption onto mineral or organic surfaces can delay the transport of REE. However, REE have strong affinity for natural colloids, which are ubiquitous environmental (nano)particles (1 nm to 1 µm sized), stable in aqueous suspension and that can be transported by water over large distances. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effect of colloids on the transport of REE in water, soils and sediments.

Furthermore, if many studies aimed to determine the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters describing the adsorption of contaminants on the surface of minerals in batch (static conditions), recent studies show that under controlled hydrodynamic conditions (column into which a solution containing the contaminant is injected), the mechanisms at the solid-solution interface can be disturbed compared to experiments carried out in batch. Therefore, it is necessary to translate molecular information (obtained in batch conditions) to larger scales (column) to develop valuable models to assess the fate of REE in environmental systems.

 

Objectives. The aim of this thesis is to develop a new model allowing an accurate assessment of REE transport through connecting our understanding of molecular interactions of REE with mineral and/or organic reactive phases with the macroscopic behavior in heterogeneous systems. The properties and the dynamics of REE transport at geochemically relevant conditions will be characterized with experiments conducted under flow-through conditions in model (pure sand or sand coated with other minerals) or natural porous media (soil, sediments). The influence of key parameters (pH, Eh, ionic strength, and presence of naturally occurring ions) as well as the impact of natural organic and mineral colloids will also be investigated. Combined experimental and modelling investigations (surface complexation modeling and reactive transport) will be performed.

Methods used.

- Experiments under flow-through conditions (column).

- Reactive transport modeling, including colloidal transport.

- REE concentration determination by ICP-MS.

- Colloid and nano-aggregate characterization: DLS, A4F, SAXS…

- Mineral phase characterization: XRD, HRTEM, surface titration…

- Organic phase characterization: UV-vis, 3D fluorescence, IR, organic carbon concentration analysis...

- Surface characterization: XPS, synchrotron based spectroscopy…

Presentation of the research project (cooperative aspect)

This PhD position is within the framework of a European ITN project named PANORAMAM: EuroPean trAining NetwOrk on Rare eArth elements environMental trAnsfer: from rock to human involving 15 PhD positions.

Such innovative research approach will be effective through association of different skills involving Geosciences Rennes (REE geochemical modelling), ENSCR (reactive transport in porous media, experiment and modelling), Cordouan Technology (colloid and nano-aggregate characterization), AMPHOS21 (coupling geochemical and reactive transport modelling with advanced codes) and 2 other PhD students of the PANORAMA consortium, whose research projects will aim at characterizing molecular-level mechanisms affecting REE interaction with particles and colloids.

The PhD student will work under the supervision of Dr. R. Marsac (Geosciences Rennes) and Prof. K. Hanna (ENSCR). Both institutes are located on the same campus. The project involves a strong collaboration with 2 private companies Cordouan Technologies (Bordeaux, France) and AMPHOS21 (Barcelona, Spain), including one research stay (secondment) during 3 months in each of these companies.

The PhD student will be also involved in scientific/soft-skills meetings and in research activities conducted in other laboratories/companies from Europe and associated countries.

An important component of the training will be the participation to 3 main major training events:

WS1-(December 2020) REE as emerging contaminants: Properties, uses and dissemination –Germany-fundamental REE biogeochemistry and currently known anthropogenic REE inputs into the environment

SS1 (May 2021) - AMD and REE contamination mitigation - Portugal-Management and remediation solutions of AMD in old mining areas and Management of WEEE, recycling areas

WS2 - Colloids and nanoparticles as REE vectors -France- Structural characterization of colloids and nanoparticles by innovative and fine spectroscopic and scattering techniques: X-Ray absorption fluorescence and scattering, light scattering. REE interactions with bearing phases.

SS2 - (Eco)toxicology of REE –Germany- Eco)toxicological concepts and approaches, Physico-chemical properties of REE for bioavailability, ecotoxicity and environmental risk

In addition to these major milestones of the program, the PhD students will 1) continuously develop their core research skills via their own research project locally and within the network while at secondments and conferences, 2) receive a mandatory amount of hard and soft-skills training specific to their own doctoral school, along with mentoring by joint supervising bodies, 3) use conferences both as dissemination events for ESRs results and network events for progress reports and evaluations, and 4) collaborate into practical activities aimed at network-structuring legacy deliverables.

PANORAMA's research objective is to elucidate the man-induced environmental dissemination of REE and the associated effects on the environmental health. For that purpose, interdisciplinary approaches are required combining geochemistry, ecotoxicology, hydrology, chemical analysis and coupling field monitoring, original in and ex situ experimental set-up and modelling from the element speciation to the environmental impact

PANORAMA’s key aim is to set-up an optimal scientific and non-scientific training to the understanding and forecasting of the environmental impacts of new emerging pollutants such as REE.

Benefits

Benefits

With indicative financial conditions of the research project (in local currency)

  • 3-years full-time employment contract
  • Attractive salary tuned to living standards of the hosting country. Brut salary, and excluding family and mobility allowance will be around 2900 euro
  • Conditional family allowance of 500€ per month (potentially subject to taxes)
  • Mobility allowance of 600€ per month (potentially subject to taxes)
  • Based in two leading institutions in Environmental Sciences in Europe, UR1 and ENSCR, with excellent staffs in Géosciences Rennes and friendly working conditions.
  • Possibility to collaborate with a large network of international research groups engaged in the ITN

Eligibility criteria

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

Recruiting is in accordance with the European rules for Marie Curie Initial Training Networks. Early-stage researchers (ESR) can be of any nationality. They must be, at the time of recruitment by the host organization, in the first four years (full-time equivalent) of their research careers and have not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. The research career starts after the degree that enables a student to proceed with a PhD (usually, the Master degree).

Selection process

How to apply

Send your complete application before June 15th to both contacts below (application will remain open until position is filled).

A single pdf file needs to be submitted including:

  • a cover letter, stating your research motivation and interests; including relevant background and career plan (max 1 A4 page)
  • a Curriculum Vitae, including academic background, previous research and/or industrial experience (max 2 A4 pages)
  • Degree transcripts (with marks)
  • English language qualification certificates (or equivalent)

Reference letters:

  • at least 2 confidential reference letters from academics (including name, position and email address of the referee) (max 1 A4 page, with substantiated assessment of the applicant’s technical skills, creativity, innovation ability, working capacity, efficiency and level of independence) must be sent directly to the contacts below.

Additional comments

Contacts:

ESR Supervisors: Dr. R. Marsac (remi.marsac@univ-rennes1.fr) and Prof. K. Hanna (khalil.hanna@ensc-rennes.fr)

Recruitment committee: to be completed after the kick-off meeting

Project website: Created by Cordis when grant agreement will be signed

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
    Geosciences: Master Degree or equivalent

Skills/Qualifications

  • The candidate should be in the first four years of their research career. They should not have a doctoral degree and fulfil the eligibility criteria and mobility rule (see below).
  • The candidate should hold or be about to obtain a Master’s degree in Earth Science or relevant field.
  • Excellent technical skills including experience in aqueous (geo)chemistry (including processes at the mineral/water interface), reactive transport modeling (including colloidal transport).
  • Previous experience working in a chemistry laboratory and with reactive transport models.
  • The ability to work both as part of a team, and independently, coupled with excellent communication, organizational and problem-solving skills
  • Availability to travel for training events and research secondments.

Specific Requirements

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

Recruiting is in accordance with the European rules for Marie Curie Initial Training Networks. Early-stage researchers (ESR) can be of any nationality. They must be, at the time of recruitment by the host organization, in the first four years (full-time equivalent) of their research careers and have not yet been awarded a doctoral degree. The research career starts after the degree that enables a student to proceed with a PhD (usually, the Master degree).

MOBILITY RULE

At the time of the recruitment by the first host institution, the ESRs must not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc.) in the country of their first host institution for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately before the recruitment date. Short stays such as holidays and/or compulsory national service are not taken into account.

Map Information

Job Work Location Personal Assistance locations
Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
Geosciences-Rennes
France
rennes
35042

EURAXESS offer ID: 515815

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