19/06/2019
The Human Resources Strategy for Researchers

PhD Student contract / Thesis offer in Medieval History M/W

This job offer has expired


  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    CNRS
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    HistoryAncient history
    HistoryArchaeology
    HistoryMedieval history
  • RESEARCHER PROFILE
    First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • APPLICATION DEADLINE
    10/07/2019 23:59 - Europe/Brussels
  • LOCATION
    France › POITIERS
  • TYPE OF CONTRACT
    Temporary
  • JOB STATUS
    Full-time
  • HOURS PER WEEK
    35
  • OFFER STARTING DATE
    01/10/2019

This PhD will be attached to UMR 7302 CESCM, at the University of Poitiers, within the Graduate School “Humanités” (ED 612 - HUMANITES). It will be co-supervised by Cécile Treffort (University of Poitiers - CESCM) and Estelle Ingrand-Varenne (CNRS - CESCM) and its institution and logistics base in Jerusalem will be the French Research Centre in Jerusalem (CRFJ - USR 3132).

The CESCM is a Joint Research Unit of the University of Poitiers and the CNRS. It is also linked by a convention to the Ministry of Culture and Communication. It is the first French center dedicated to the study of all aspects of the Middle Ages. The thesis is part of the program of epigraphy, in the team 3 "Signs, forms and representations" of the CESCM. The Center is internationally recognized in the field of medieval epigraphy, which is developed for 50 years through a threefold activity: publishing, teaching and research. In his or her publishing work, the candidate must follow the standards of the Corpus of Inscriptions of Medieval France. Within the CRFJ, the PhD is linked to the research of the Group 1 "Archaeology of the South Levant", particularly the work on the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.

The candidate will hold a master's degree or equivalent, with a good knowledge of medieval writing and familiarity with monuments showing inscriptions and graffiti. During this three-year doctoral fellowship, he/she will have to divide his/her research time between UMR 7302 CESCM in Poitiers and USR 3132 CRFJ in Jerusalem, where he/she will spend long periods of time. He/she will follow the courses of the Graduate School, those of the CESCM and during stays at the CRFJ, will participate in the activities of the French Center.

A good proficiency in English is necessary. Some of the skills required by the project may be acquired during doctoral training, depending on the progress of the project. The candidate must be both autonomous and able to work in a team.

Poor relation of the traditional epigraphy, graffiti have for a long time faced at best disinterest, at worst a certain discredit. The creation of "graffitology" and "glyptography", however, shows the growing interest for these graphic manifestations. The major research projects in England, Cyprus and at the castle of Selles have developed an adapted methodology and high-performance digital tools (3D scan, photogrammetry, RTI images for deleted texts, techniques contactless reading).

This favourable context is linked with the evolution of the epigraphy team's research of the Center for Advanced Studies in Medieval Civilization – CESCM – (Corpus of the inscriptions of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, elaboration of the ERC project ECO-GRAPH-EAST) and to the development of the Frankish medieval archaeology from the French Center of Research in Jerusalem. This new Dynamics and a real heritage necessity lead to propose a PhD in medieval history (2019-2022) on the writing in holy places: Latin graffiti and pilgrimages in Palestine (11th-16th centuries), from a social and cultural, anthropological, cultural and religious perspective.

The doctoral project, limited to three years, will begin with a pre-inventory of the holy sites revealing the presence of graffiti in the Latin alphabet in the territories concerned between the 11th and 16th centuries, before giving priority to two sanctuaries, Bethlehem and the Holy Sepulcher (the first will benefit from reports and the forthcoming publication of a general inventory). After the transcription (reading, photo, drawings...)of these graffiti, the analysis of their monumental and graphic environment, then the standard edition, three tracks can be developed:

*History of devotional practices. The first goal will be to develop a sociology of "scriptors" in the Holy Land, by studying the modalities of linguistic (Latin, vernacular) expression, formal (names or identity signs: crest, coat of arms) and palaeographic, associated with a technical approach (engraving, incision, ink, painting) and the typological analysis of the messages transmitted (names, invocations, requests for healing, prayers, biblical and liturgical expressions, dates, sentences etc.). By establishing a detailed chronology of the presence of Western travelers and determining the proportion of pilgrims, who came alone or in groups, the study will make it possible to measure the evolution of this practice in late Middle Ages, suggested by the stories of pilgrims who said they had engraved words, sentences or coats of arms. A comparative approach will make it possible to compare Christian devotion with the development of Marian worship from the 12th century (tomb of the Virgin Mary in Gethsemane), and to question the graphic marking of the stages of the pilgrimage to the Holy Land (Cyprus, for example).

*Topology of holy places and construction of hierotopy. The study of the location of graffiti in the monument, and especially in link with what constitutes the epicenter of the holy place (most often a natural rock), will also reveal the symbolic topography of the sacred spaces. Through the analysis of proxemic relationships, the participation of graffiti in the hierarchy of the spaces and the memorial construction of the holy place allow to consider the creation of a "hierotopy", which can be studied in conjunction with the Biblical and Archaeological School French from Jerusalem (EBAF). Finally, a comparison with the two major Western sanctuaries of pilgrimage, Rome and Compostela, will allow a better understanding of the specificity of the Holy Land.

*Anthropology of writing. Holy places have the particularity of being polygraphic environments, where Christians of all origins are in contact. Western graffiti, manifested by the Latin alphabet, coexist with other graphic systems: Greek, Arabic, Armenian, Georgian etc. It will therefore be necessary to question this commonly shared practice and on the possible specificity of the Latin world: the difference in alphabet, as an identity mark, has also its own topography, which must be compared with the distribution of holy places among the different Christian communities. Leave one's name is both to take possession of the place and to belong to it.

Required Research Experiences

  • RESEARCH FIELD
    HistoryAncient history
  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
    None
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    HistoryArchaeology
  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
    None
  • RESEARCH FIELD
    HistoryMedieval history
  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
    None

Offer Requirements

  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
    History: Master Degree or equivalent
  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
    FRENCH: Basic
Work location(s)
1 position(s) available at
Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale
France
POITIERS

EURAXESS offer ID: 419137
Posting organisation offer ID: 10081

Disclaimer:

The responsibility for the jobs published on this website, including the job description, lies entirely with the publishing institutions. The application is handled uniquely by the employer, who is also fully responsible for the recruitment and selection processes.

 

Please contact support@euraxess.org if you wish to download all jobs in XML.