ORGANISATION/COMPANYUniversity of Gdansk
RESEARCH FIELDPhysics › Mathematical physicsPhysics › OpticsPhysics › Quantum mechanicsPhysics › ThermodynamicsTechnology › Quantum technology
RESEARCHER PROFILEFirst Stage Researcher (R1)
APPLICATION DEADLINE31/03/2019 23:00 - Europe/Brussels
LOCATIONPoland › Gdansk
TYPE OF CONTRACTTemporary
HOURS PER WEEK40
OFFER STARTING DATE01/10/2019
We are looking for the PhD students to work in the newly created International Centre for Theory of Quantum Technologies (ICTQT), funded by the Foundation for Polish Science, and hosted by the University of Gdansk. The founders of ICTQT are Marek Zukowski as the director, and Pawel Horodecki as a co- applicant. The Centre’s official foreign partner is IQOQI-Vienna of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Gdansk is the pioneering and leading center of quantum information research in Poland. Gdansk, and the whole Tri-City, is one of the most beautifully located urban areas in Poland, with sandy sea beaches, lakes, and woods within in it and in the nearby area. It is the birthplace of Polish jazz and rock festivals, and vibrant in many fields.
The Centre consists of 7 groups: Multiphoton Quantum Optics for Quantum Information (leader Marek Zukowski); New Quantum Resources I (leader Paweł Horodecki); New Quantum Resources II (leader Michał Horodecki); Quantum Cybersecurity and Communication (leader Marcin Pawłowski); Foundational Underpinnings of Quantum Technologies (leader Ana Belen Sainz); Quantum Computation, Quantum Error Correction and Many-body Systems; Quantum Open Systems.
About research groups
The broad aim of the Multiphoton Quantum Optics for Quantum Information group is to develop theoretical quantum information science of immediate experimental testability as well as to study the fundamental issues like causality, new concepts in theoretical quantum optics, and efficiency of quantum (optical) protocols.
Specific goals include:
- Operational translation of the schemes proposed by the other groups of ICTQT into experimental optical setups and feasibility studies.
- Direct collaboration with experimental teams of our IQOQI partner as well as other laboratories.
- Investigations concerning device independent or self-testing quantum communication, quantum information processing schemes, aimed at commercialization.
- Search for new research avenues in quantum optics allowing demonstrations of quantum protocols or various kinds.
- New indicators of non-classicality in quantum optics.
- Application of theoretical/operational/experimental methods of quantum multiphoton interferometry to other processes of potential value for quantum communication and information processing.
- Quantum optical implementations of secure data transmission.
- Theory of optical test of quantum mechanics.
The broad aim of New Quantum Resources I and II groups would be to perform research concerning quantum phenomena which could be used for quantum information processing.
Possible initial specific topics are:
- Connections between quantum computational speedup and contextuality /Bell “nonlocality”.
- New protocols on randomness amplification.
- Research on communication networks.
- Connections between violations of Bell inequalities and of non-contextuality and the quantum advantage in communication complexity.
- Quantum thermodynamics with state transitions by Thermal Operations.
- Relativistic quantum information processing.
The broad aim of the Quantum Cybersecurity and Communication group would be to perform research concerning quantum phenomena which could be used for quantum methods for information transfer, coding and processing, aimed towards applied physics and possible commercialization.
The goals of the group are:
- Development of self-testing protocols
- Security analysis of information processing protocols
- Research towards increasing efficiency and reliability of quantum protocols
- Studies of general rules for information processing
- Studies on quantum hacking and cryptanalysis to identify possible attacks and ways of preventing them
- Investigations of the role of information processing protocols as a tool to analyze the fundamental laws of Nature
- Finding experimental, applied physics, and industrial partners and collaborating with them towards building commercial quantum devices, prototypes, or obtaining patents.
The Foundational Underpinnings of Quantum Technologies group’s research program would be tailored at understanding and harnessing nonclassical phenomena from a novel scope, which combines an operational vision with a process-theoretic approach. The specific goals of the group include:
- Formulating candidate theories that supersede quantum. In particular, explore which possible deviations of quantum theory are still sensible.
- Study causality within and beyond quantum theory, from a process-theoretical scope. Focus on the study of indefinite structures as a resource for information processing.
- Characterizing the quantum manifestation of nonclassical phenomena. The main focus will be on Bell nonlocality, contextuality, steering, and correlations in causal networks.
- Developing resource theories to address quantification.
- Identifying current and new forms of nonclassicality as resources for quantum technologies. Study the power provided by quantum resources vs. resources allowed in nonclassical theories beyond quantum.
- Assessing nonclassical speed-up for computation, within and beyond quantum theory.
The broad aim of the Quantum Computation, Quantum Error Correction and Many-body Systems group would be to perform research concerning quantum computing and related problems.
Possible initial goals could include:
- Quantum pseudo-randomness
- New connections between quantum computational speedup and impossibility of non-contextual and local realistic models of quantum phenomena
- New models exhibiting localization phenomenon
- Quantum error correction for quantum computers/quantum memories (in touch with the “Quantum open systems” group)
- New quantum information processing gates, with new platforms, and studies of their feasibility
- New quantum algorithms
- Reduction of decoherence in quantum information processing.
Examples of possible initial specific goals of the Quantum Open Systems group are the basic mathematical framework of quantum open systems including completely positive maps, various types of master equations and entropic methods for analysis of quantum models relevant for emerging quantum technologies. Search for quantum mechanisms of energy transduction in manmade and biological systems.
Specific possible initial topics are:
- General conditions for work generation in quantum machines; self-oscillations and feedback mechanisms,
- Fully quantum models of electric current generation in photovoltaic, thermoelectric and fuel cells including nanoscopic devices and biological counterparts,
- Quantum thermometry based on temperature-dependent dynamical effects (decoherence),
- Models of errors and their control in application to quantum information processing.
Positions of PhD students offered by the International Centre for Theory of Quantum Technologies of the University of Gdansk is within implementation of the project “International Centre for Theory of Quantum Technologies”. The project is financed by the Foundation for Polish Science from the funds of the Smart Growth Operational Programme, axis IV: Increasing the research potential (Measure 4.3) under the International Research Agendas Programme.
Key responsibilities include:
- Active scientific research.
- Presentation of project results to internal and external parties.
- Active involvement in seminars, group meetings etc.
- Participation in organizational activity of ICTQT.
- Scholarship monthly PLN 4500 from October, 1 2019 till August, 31 2023. The start date is negotiable for those only who are already doctorial students;
- Work in a rapidly developing unit, the International Centre for Theory of Quantum Technologies at the University of Gdansk;
- Scientific and organizational support;
- Basic equipment and core facilities;
- Friendly, inspiring, interdisciplinary environment, including “entanglement” with National Centre for Quantum Information (KCIK) and Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics (IFTiA) at UG.
General rules of the recruitment process
- The recruitment procedure has two stages:
- Interview of pre-selected candidates by the Selection Commission(SC);
- Formal exam in physics, computer science, or mathematics (physics exam - September, 2019). Exam is obligatory for those only who are not already doctorial students at Polish universities in those disciplines.
- PhD student positions is also offered to candidates who plan to defend their master's thesis no later than August 2019, and who are already PhD students at other Universities/Institutions.
- The decision will be made by ICTQT Selecting Commission (SC) within 3 months from the date of recruitment completion.
- SC reserves the right to invite for the interview only pre-selected candidates.
- SC’s decision is final and is not subject to appeal.
- SC reserves the right to close the competition without selecting the candidate.
- filled-in recruitment form;
- curriculum vitae;
- a research resume with a list of research projects in which the candidate took part (with specification of the role); PDF files of publications (if there are any); A list of talks at conferences and workshops, and a list of prizes and awards;
- motivation letter (including statement of current scientific interests)– up to 2 pages;
- documents confirming scientific degrees (copy of diploma thesis);
- name and contact details (e-mail addresses) to two senior researchers who may provide reference for the candidate (the candidate is expected to contact the referees and ask them to send reference letters directly to firstname.lastname@example.org. The letters must be sent before the deadline). ICTQT may also contact the referees directly, to request the letters, or to send reminders.
REQUIRED LANGUAGESENGLISH: Good
- MSc degree preferably in physics. MSc degree in computers science or mathematics is also acceptable.
- Interest in mathematical and conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information, and related topics, especially those which are within the research agenda of ICTQT (see above).
- At least basic knowledge of quantum information theory.
- Optionally: experience in programming (C++, Python or Matlab).
- Interest in the subject and motivation to scientific work.
EURAXESS offer ID: 378951