Access to the Culture of the Host Country
The Land of Israel:
Israel is renowned worldwide for it's vibrant and colorful culture. The roots of the culture of Israel developed long before the State of Israel, and reflect Jewish history in the diaspora, Jewish culture, the ideology of the Zionist movement, as well as the history and traditions of the Arab-Israeli population, and local Christian sects. Together these factors have combined to create a culture unlike any other in the world. Come visit us, pray in Jerusalem, grab lunch in Tel Aviv, or take a dip in the Dead Sea we promise you will have an experience you will never forget it.
Jewish Religion and Holidays:
Israel was established as a Jewish state. Today, Jewish religion and tradition play a major role in shaping Israeli culture and lifestyle, while freedom of religion is anchored by law. The impact of the Jewish religion is noticeable to foreigners in day-to-day life, especially during religious holidays and on the religious day of rest (Shabbat- Saturday).
The Israeli work week is from Sunday to Thursday, with a few offices also open on Friday mornings. The Israeli weekend is Friday and Saturday- Shabbat. Shabbat is a weekly day from sundown on Friday to just after sundown on Saturday. Observant Jews will not work, spend money or use electricity. A festive meal is often shared with family and friends on Friday nights. Shops and many restaurants are closed from Friday afternoon until Saturday evening or Sunday morning. Most of the public transportation does not operate from Friday afternoon (starting around 2–4 p.m.) until Saturday evening, but there are Sherut (public taxis) and private taxis also on Friday nights and Saturday.
Even though the Jewish religion is the most practiced religion in Israel, Israelis are very tolerant of other religions and you will find countless communities of other beliefs and practices.
Information provided by EURAXESS Israel